Here are some Quechua words to get you started. They are from the variety of Quechua spoken in the Imbabura province of Ecuador, which is called Imbabura Quichua. Quechua speakers also call their language Runa Shimi meaning “Our People’s Language.” Mostly, the words below can be pronounced like Spanish. Stress is a little weaker than in English, and in Imbabura Quichua, it falls on the second syllable from the end of the word (for example, in kikinkuna, stress falls on ku). The letter ‘ll’ is pronounced like the ‘s’ in English “pleasure.” When the letter ‘r’ starts a word, it is also pronounced similarly to the ‘s’ in English “pleasure.” The letter ‘sh’ is pronounced as in English. When a word ends in a vowel and ‘n,’ the vowel has a nasal quality like in French (for example, Quichua lulun “egg” ends in a nasal sound similar to the one in French bon “good”), or it is pronounced like English ‘ng’ as in “long.” The letter ‘j’ is pronounced as it is in Spanish, similar to English ‘h’. And ‘ñ’ is also pronounced as in Spanish, with a ‘ny’ sound.

Jentikuna People
ñuka I
kan you (1 person)
kikin you (1 person, formal)
pay he, she
ñukanchi we
kankuna you (many people)
kikinkuna you (many people, formal)
paykuna they
ayllukuna family
mama mother
tayta father
ñaña sister (of a woman)
pani sister (of a man)
turi brother (of a woman)
wawki brother (of a man)
wawa child
churi son
ushi daughter
kusa husband
warmi wife, woman
mashi friend
pichari somebody
jari man
wambra boy
kuitsa girl
yachachik teacher
yachakuk student
runa indigenous person
Wiwakuna Animals
alku dog
misi cat
chalwa fish
atalpa chicken
wagra cow
llama llama, sheep
chuspi fly, bug
chuspi mishki bee
billigu frog
chibu goat
ukucha mouse
kuchi pig
kuskungu owl
pirkuti rat
pishku bird
cuy guinea pig
Parts of the body
akcha hair
biksa stomach, belly
chaki foot
changa leg
kiru tooth
uma head
kunga neck
maki hand
ñavi face
shimi mouth, language
chupa tail
rinri ear
singa nose
sillu nail
washa back
jallu tongue
yawar blood
Llachapakuna Clothing
anaku skirt
bayta shawl
aparagate sandal
chumbi belt
kalsun pants
muchiku hat
Mikuna ufyanapash Food and drink
aswa corn beer (chicha)
aycha meat
bira fat
makinchu cheese
kachi salt
mishki honey, sweet
murukuna cereals
mishki murukuna fruits
yuyukuna vegetables
yaku water
mishki kuta sugar
inchik peanut
chiwila pineapple
biru sugarcane
palta avocado
chukllu type of corn
ulluku type of potato (melloco/papa lisa)
sara type of corn
lulun egg
tanda bread
zambu pumpkin
Plants
fanga leaf (on a flower)
kaspi stick, branch
rama leaf (on a tree)
sisa flower
jiwa grass
yura tree
Weather and landscape
akapana tornado
fakcha waterfall
fuyu cloud, fog
inti sun
killa moon
kucha lake
urku hill
larka (large) river
rasu snow
tamya rain
wayra wind
bamba valley
pacha earth
rumi rock
sacha hill
sukavon cave
jaka cliff
Places
chay that, there
kay this, here
chaw middle
ñawpa in front of
wasi house
pungu door
llakta village, city, nation
tarpuna farm
jawa above, on
uku room, inside
yachachik wasi school
Pachakunamanda Time
punlla day
alirasta early morning
chishi late afternoon
chawpipunlla midday
chawpituta midnight
wakimbi sometimes
tuta night
kayna yesterday
kunan today
kaya tomorrow
wata year
jipa later
Kanchizri punllakuna Days of the week
Killapunlla Monday
Atikpunlla Tuesday
Kuillupunlla Wednesday
Illapapunlla Thursday
Chaskapunlla Friday
Kuichipunlla Saturday
Intipunlla Sunday
Killakuna Months
Uchay pukuy January
Mushuk pukuy February
Pawkar waray March
Ariway killa April
Aymuray killa May
Inti raymi killa June
Anta situwa July
Kapak situwa August
Kuya raymi killa September
Tamya raymi killa October
Ayawarkay killa November
Kapak raymi killa December
Colors
killu yellow
puka red
yana black
yurak white
Question words
may? where?
mayxan? which?
pi? who?
ima? what?
imashna? how?
mashna? how many?
Other words
ali good
nali bad
alimanda slowly
uchila small
jatun big
ari yes
na no, not
ama don’t
kushi happy
llaki sad